Westphalia Agreement Pdf

Peace negotiations between France and the Habsburgs began in Cologne in 1641. These negotiations were initially blocked by French Cardinal Richelieu, who insisted on the inclusion of all his allies, whether fully sovereign countries or states within the Holy Roman Empire. [5] [Page needed] In Hamburg and L├╝beck, Sweden and the Holy Roman Empire negotiated the Treaty of Hamburg with the intervention of Richelieu. [6] The Holy Roman Empire and Sweden declared the Cologne preparations and the Hamburg Peace preliminary rounds of a comprehensive peace agreement. According to this basis of mutual friendship and general amnesty, all the electors of the Holy Roman Empire, princes and states (in this sense include the nobility, which depend directly on the empire) are their vassals, subjects, citizens, inhabitants (to whom, in the name of Bohemia or German agitation or alliances, here and there, may have been caused by one or the other contracting party, will fully restore prejudice or damage in any way or under any pretext whatsoever, as well as in their lordships, fiefs, sub-pillars, allodations, such as their dignity, immunities, rights and privileges) on the one hand and on the other hand in the Ecclesiastick or Laick State, which they could enjoy or enjoy legally regardless of any change made in the meantime. Nevertheless, if any of these means cannot end the gap for an interval of three years, all parties involved in this transaction are obliged to join the injured party and support it with advice and means to combat this violation, given that it is first promoted by the injured party, that soft means and justice do not prevail; Without prejudice to the jurisdiction of each individual and the administration of justice, which is in accordance with the laws of any prince and any State, no State of the Kingdom is authorized to pursue its law by force and arms; But if there has been or occurs any difference for the future, everyone must try the means of ordinary justice, and the infringer is considered a violator of the peace. What has been determined by the judge`s judgment must be executed without distinction of condition, since the laws of the reich affect the execution of arrests and sentences. In the form of confiscations of things consisting of weight, number and measure, exclamations, concussions and extortion during the war; recovery from them is completely cancelled and withdrawn on the one hand and on the other hand in order to avoid disputes and contentious disputes. That the paragraphs, Prince Lewis Philip, &c.

Prince Frederick, &c. and Prince Leopold Lewis, &c. are understood as inserted here, in the same way as they are contained in the instrument or treaty of the empire with Sweden. That convictions handed down during the war on purely secular issues, if the inadequacy of the procedure is not entirely obvious or cannot be immediately proved, are not totally invalid; but that the effect is suspended until the acts of justice (when one of the Parties requests the space of six months after the publication of the peace for the revision of his trial) are examined and weighed before an ordinary court, in accordance with the ordinary or extraordinary forms that we have in the Reich: to the end, so that previous judgments can be confirmed, modified or, in the event of nullity, completely annulled. And with regard to debts awarded to the colleges of states by the princes of the House of Austria on the basis of special agreements in their provincial assemblies, or which the said states have contracted in the name of the Publick and for which they are responsible; an equitable distribution of it will be made between those who must transfer their allegiance to the King of France and those who continue under the obedience of the House of Austria, so that each party can know what proportion of the said debts it must pay. .